A wine cellar is a storage area for wine in barrels or bottles and is often built underground. It’s a necessity in a quality wine cellar to provide a favorable environment to ensure that the wines kept there remain in a contemporary state even after a few years cellaring. This means that the temperature and humidity of the cellar have to be regulated at levels that will allow the wines to age slowly and develop complexity.
If a cellar is built above the ground, it could better be described as a wine room and if it incorporates less than 500 bottles and is above ground, it may very well be identified as a wine closet. The principle objective of building a wine cellar is to protect the wine from environmental factors that will compromise the quality of the wine. Factors equivalent to light, high temperature or low humidity will all have an effect on the wine in an adverse way. Wine is a residing thing that must be protected from fluctuating temperatures, heat and light as well as vibrations. With proper storage, wine not only maintains its freshness but additionally improves the quality of its aroma, complicatedity and flavor.
Therefore, a quality cellar shouldn’t only keep the vibrancy of the wine but additionally improve it. The right temperature in a cellar ought to range from 13 to 18 degrees C and it ought to be free from vibration. If the temperatures change from season to season, it should range by less than 10 degrees C. For hundreds of years, the French have stored their wines in underground caves at these temperatures and that’s how people gauge the level of temperature for wine storage. To make sure that the ultimate product has qualities of a well matured wine, the temperatures should not be higher than 18 degrees C as the wine will mature too fast. Wines that mature too fast will typically taste more like vinegar and not have the refined and delightful flavor of a fine wine.
Active or passive describe the cooling system used within the wine cellar. A wine cellar with an active cooling system requires insulation and a vapor barrier installed. A particular wine cooling unit is then installed in the wall to ensure that the temperature and humidity are maintained on the right levels. Many above ground cellars will require a cooling unit to keep up a continuing temperature. Geographic areas which are naturally very cool are often suitable for a passively cooled wine cellar. Most underground cellars are passively cooled and frequently a well-constructed and well-insulated basement cellar could be passively cooled. A passive wine cellar requires no energy to operate. They’re subsequently cheaper to build and run albeit sometime unreliable in extreme weather.
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